Thanks again to Jack Monroe for the idea to make a vegan version of soda bread – this time from her article in The Guardian on storecupboard recipes. None of the ingredients need refrigeration. My niece is vegan and it’s always nice to bring something to a family tea that isn’t specifically vegan but that she will happily eat. This fits the bill perfectly as she used to love soda bread when she was a child.
250g flour (doesn’t have to be bread flour – I usually do a mix of 2/3 plain flour to 1/3 wholemeal or 8 grain flour)
extra flour for dusting
1 tsp salt
1 level tsp bicarbonate of soda
2 tsp lemon juice
180ml coconut milk (full fat for preference – but low fat would work if you add a bit of extra oil)
1 dessertspoon vegetable oil
Measure the flour, salt, and bicarb into a big mixing bowl. Combine them well so that the bicarb is thoroughly mixed into the flour.
In a jug, measure out the 180ml coconut milk and the lemon juice. Add a splash of oil if you’re using low fat coconut milk.
Make a well in the centre of the flour mixture, and pour in most of the coconut milk/lemon juice mixture, and stir quickly until it comes together into a dough. You may not need to add the final bit of liquid – it depends on the flour whether it absorbs all of it or not. Flour your worktop generously, rub a splash of oil on your hands to stop the dough sticking to your fingers, then tip out the dough and knead it gently for about a minute, then form it into a ball. Use some of the excess flour on the worktop to scatter on a baking tray, then place the dough on the tray. Score a cross on the top of your ball of dough, dust it with more flour, then put it in the oven (fan oven 160 degrees C) for about 40 minutes. When it’s done, you should be able to tap it on the bottom and it will sound hollow. Leave to cool for a bit before slicing.
NB this soda bread recipe can also be made using yogurt, sour cream, or buttermilk in place of the coconut milk. But then it wouldn’t be vegan.
This is my take on the excellent Jack Monroe’s peanut butter granola recipe. Please visit her blog detailing easy recipes for those on a budget, Cooking on a Bootstrap, and while you’re there pre-order two copies of her new book Tin Can Cook – one for you, and one to donate to your nearest food bank. I’ve tried to cut down on the sugars and add more nuts and seeds. These are rough estimates of quantities I used. You could be adventurous and make up your own based on what you like. I might try marmalade instead of syrup next time, and mix in dark chocolate chips for a breakfast jaffacake kind of vibe.
30ml walnut oil
65g crunchy peanut butter
300g jumbo oats
50g golden syrup
25g Truvia brown sugar blend (half real sugar, half sweetener)
50g flaked almonds
80g raisins or sultanas
80g milled linseed (available at Aldi or Lidl these days)
Measure out the oil, peanut butter, syrup and Truvia into a big microwaveable bowl and nuke for about 30 seconds, stir, then nuke again for 30 seconds. You want the ingredients to melt together but not get so hot that they bubble. Meantime, measure out the oats. When the liquid ingredients have calmed down a bit but are still warm, stir in the oats. At this point you can also add the linseed and almonds (or you can leave them out until later). Give it all a good stir so all the oats are coated in the liquid mixture. Line a baking tray with greaseproof paper and spread the oats in an even layer on the paper, patting it down with the back of a spoon. Put in a pre-heated medium oven (160 degrees C fan oven) and bake for about 15 minutes. The oat mixture should look only lightly toasted. If it’s dark brown, you’ve gone too far! Leave to cool on the tray, then break it up and mix in the sultanas, plus the almonds and linseed if you kept them out of the mixture at the beginning. Store in an airtight container and enjoy for breakfast sprinkled on fruit and yogurt, or with milk.
Halloween happened, and hot on the heels of the spooky chili comes a spicy not quite pumpkin soup. Pumpkins sold for decoration really don’t have much flavour at all, so we use butternut squash instead (don’t waste the scrapings from your pumpkin though, they can all go in to add bulk and a nice colour, just don’t put in any seeds or stringy bits).
2 butternut squash
2 tablespoons olive oil
2 medium onions, chopped
1 can reduced fat coconut milk
1 tablespoon Thai curry paste (yellow for a milder flavour, red or green if you’re going for hot-hot-hot)
2 teaspoons smoked paprika
500ml boiling water and one vegetable stock cube ( we like mushroom)
Salt and pepper to taste
Cut the squash in half lengthways and scoop out the seeds and stringy bits. Brush the cut sides with one tablespoon of the olive oil and put on a baking tray with the cut sides uppermost. Roast in a medium oven for about 40 minutes, or until the flesh is soft. Poke it with a knife to test.
Put the other tablespoon of oil in a large solid saucepan and soften the onions over a low heat for about 15 minutes. Don’t let them stick or go brown. Add the curry paste and paprika and stir it all about.
Meantime, scoop all the flesh from the squash and add it to the pan. Nigella Lawson maintains that you can eat the skin of roasted butternut squash but I’m not convinced. If you have any pumpkin scrapings, now is the time to add them. Pour over the coconut milk and the 500ml of boiling veg stock, give it all a stir and let it simmer for 20 minutes. Test the pumpkin flesh after this time to see if it’s softened. Take the pan off the heat if it’s all nice and soft, and blitz with a stick blender to a nice smooth consistency. If it feels a bit too solid, you can add more stock. Taste and add salt if needed, and several grinds of black pepper. Serve with croutons and a swirl of sour cream.
This soup is vegetarian (but do check the ingredients in your curry paste – some contain anchovy), and vegan if you leave out the sour cream.
A staple of our Halloween parties, and (whisper it quietly) also vegan. It’s completely inauthentic but very tasty.
3 red onions, chopped
3 tablespoons olive oil
3 cloves garlic
3 carrots, chopped
3 sweet potatoes, peeled and chopped
3 pointed peppers, deseeded and chopped
3 small red chilis, deseeded and chopped
2 tins chopped tomatoes
1x200g tin sweetcorn
2x400g tins red kidney beans
1 tablespoon smoked paprika
salt and pepper
juice of 1 lime
2 mushroom stock cubes dissolved in 500ml boiling water
3 tablespoons red lentils
50g dark chocolate
Heat the olive oil in a large saucepan and add the onions. Sweat the onions gently until they are soft but not coloured. Add the crushed cloves of garlic and all the chopped vegetables, add the smoked paprika and stir it all around. Put a lid on the pan and leave the veg to simmer for about 20 minutes. Then add the chopped tomatoes, the stock, the sweetcorn and the red lentils and leave to simmer again for a further 20 minutes. Taste and see if it needs any more chili. Add the kidney beans and the dark chocolate, broken up into pieces. Simmer again for a further 20 minutes, this time with the lid off. Season with ground black pepper (you may not need salt depending on how salty the stock cubes are), and a squeeze of lime juice.
Are yellow split peas chana, or something else? I always thought chana meant chickpeas, so I’ve gone with the full English description, but I’m happy to be corrected. Having read several recipes for dal, I took inspiration from Madhur Jaffrey’s seminal work “Indian Cookery” for the techniques and then just used the spices and ingredients we had in the cupboard.
250g yellow split peas
1 litre water
1 tablespoon ghee (clarified butter), or neutral vegetable oil if you want it vegan
1 tablespoon garam masala
1 dessertspoon lazy chili
1 dessertspoon lazy garlic
1 dessertspoon lazy ginger
1 teaspoon yellow mustard seeds or cumin seeds
1 small onion or 2 banana shallots, cut in half and chopped into thin half-moon slices
Salt to taste
Rinse the split peas well in cold water, then put in a saucepan and cover with 1 litre of cold water. This will seem way too much, but you’ll be surprised at how much the peas absorb as they cook. I don’t put salt in the water as it sometimes makes the peas tough, and you want them to be mushy and creamy. Bring to the boil and simmer for about an hour on a low heat. If it looks like the water is all absorbed, add a bit more. Stir it occasionally and, if you’re feeling energetic, mush the split peas against the side of the pan as they break up.
Take the split peas off the heat and leave to one side. In a frying pan, heat up the ghee or oil and add the mustard or cumin seeds and move them about until they start to pop. Then turn down the heat a bit, and add all the other ingredients except the salt. Stir it all about and let the onions/shallots cook until they are soft and slightly catching at the edges. Add the split peas to the frying pan and stir through the onion/shallot mixture, until the mixture is bubbling. Add salt to taste. If it looks too dry and solid, add a couple of spoonfuls of boiling water. It should be a soothing, creamy, slightly sloppy mixture. Serve it hot.
This dal works as an accompaniment to other curry dishes, and if you use neutral vegetable oil it is vegan. It becomes a complete meal if you serve it with rice and a hard boiled egg. If you find you have some left over, it keeps well in the fridge for a few days in a covered container. You may need to add more water when you reheat it to get the creamy texture back.
A vegan cake I’ve been trying to get right – and this is pretty much OK, but it still looks really odd when you’re mixing the batter! Adding coconut flour means it soaks up way more moisture than if you were using just self raising flour.
200g caster sugar
175g self raising flour
100g coconut flour
1 heaped teaspoon baking powder
zest of 1 lemon
100g coconut oil, melted
1x 330ml can of ginger beer or lemonade
1 tablespoon lemon juice
Melt the coconut oil gently, and set aside to cool a little. Put all the dry ingredients in a big bowl with the lemon zest, and mix them thoroughly. Put the melted coconut oil, the ginger beer and the lemon juice in another bowl and whisk them together, briefly, so that there are still bubbles from the ginger beer in the mix. Add the liquid to the dry ingredients and mix them until it all comes together into a strangely fizzy and slightly grainy batter. If the batter looks a bit too dense, add a bit more water. Speed is of the essence here, as you’re using some of the fizz in the ginger beer as a raising agent. Put the cake batter into a greased 8 inch round cake tin. I use a silicone one for this recipe as it’s very easy to turn out. Bake in a fan oven at 175 degrees C for about 35 minutes, or until a skewer poked into the centre comes out clean. If it looks like it’s getting too brown round the edges, turn down the heat to 165 degrees and bake it for an extra 10 minutes.
Turn out the cake onto a cooling rack while you prepare the icing.
150g icing sugar
2 tablespoons lemon juice
Mix together the icing sugar and lemon juice to make a runny icing. Poke the top of the cake with a skewer in several places, then carefully spoon half the icing over the cake. Most recipes will tell you to wait until the cake is cool before doing this, but if you do it while it’s still a bit warm, the icing will sink into the cake and make it much more moist and sticky.
When the cake has fully cooled, put it on a pretty serving plate and spoon the other half of the icing over it. You can get fancy now and make the icing drip down the sides.
Christmas, for us, means making stuff to give to friends and family. This is a lovely easy thing to make, and goes really well with cheese or cured meats.
about 16 small-ish firm pears (Conference are good), peeled, with stalks left on
1 litre white wine vinegar
0.5 litres water
500g sugar (granulated)
4 star anise
2 cinnamon sticks, broken in half
1 tablespoon allspice berries
2 teaspoons juniper berries
The zest of 1 lemon, peeled in large strips
1 teaspoon cloves
Boil up the water, vinegar, sugar and spices in a large pan with a lid. Make sure it’s a stainless steel or other non-reactive pan, or the vinegar will create pits in the surface!
Put the pears into the hot liquid, turn the heat down to a simmer, clap the lid on and leave the pears to poach for about 20 minutes. Take the pears out of the liquid and put them somewhere warm. Turn up the heat under the poaching liquid and boil it for about 10 minutes until it has reduced a bit and gone syrupy.
Divide the poached pears between 4 large-ish wide necked jars, previously sterilised. Pour the reduced cooking liquid over the pears, ensuring that each jar gets its share of the whole spices. If you want you can add a sprig of fresh rosemary to each jar – it looks pretty and adds a herby flavour. Seal the jars with vinegar-proof lids – either use parfait jars (the ones with rubber seals and metal clips), or proper Kilner jars, or improvise with wide-necked pickle jars and seal them with greaseproof circles and plastic-coated jar lids.
These pickled pears can keep for up to 6 months unopened in a dark cupboard. Once you do open a jar, keep it in the fridge and use up within two weeks.
A fabulous Christmassy chutney which requires patience and a good knife, or if you have no patience, a food processor.
250g dried apricots – the ready to eat kind
300g dried dates
250g semi-dried figs
450g red onions
570ml cider vinegar
50g sea salt
1 level dessertspoon fresh ginger, grated
450g light brown sugar
1 heaped teaspoon ground allspice
Chop the dried fruits and onions finely – either with large amounts of patience and a sharp knife, or bung them into a food processor and whizz them up. Put the cider vinegar in a large pan with the salt, ginger, sugar and allspice, and bring them to the boil. Turn down the heat to a simmer and stir in all the fruit and onions. Leave it on a low-ish heat, stir it occasionally, and in about an hour or maybe a bit longer you’ll have a pan of lovely chutney. You can tell when it’s done if you draw a spoon across the surface to make a channel, and the channel stays there and doesn’t fill up with vinegar.
Take off the heat and put into warmed sterilised jars. Do yourself a favour and keep some wide-necked ones handy; they’re much easier to fill! Seal with vinegar-proof lids (i.e. plastic-covered ones, or use greaseproof circles). This tastes better after maturing in a dark cupboard for a few weeks.
Christmas preparations continue apace. Today we made cranberry relish, almost as easy as going to the shop and buying a jar.
350g fresh cranberries
Juice and zest of one orange
half a cinnamon stick
half a teaspoon of finely grated fresh ginger
3 tablespoons of Mirto di Sardegna (black myrtle liqueur from Italy)
Mirto di Sardegna is pretty rare but we happened to have some that we brought back from Italy as a holiday souvenir. You can substitute port, crème de cassis, or even sloe gin – anything that’s got a dark fruity alcoholic tang. If you don’t fancy adding alcohol, then add more orange juice or a splash of water.
Put all the ingredients in a pan and simmer gently for about 10 minutes, until all the berries have burst. Take off the heat and stir in the alcohol. It keeps well in the fridge for up to a week, in a covered bowl. It can also be frozen – make sure to defrost it thoroughly for 24 hours before using.
Sam is getting more adventurous with his cooking, and wanted to try a Moroccan-inspired dish. This is what he made – heavily influenced by the chicken tagine served at Leon.
1 large onion
2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
1 teaspoon garlic puree (or smoked garlic puree if you can find it)
1 tablespoon ras-el-hanout spice mix
8 small chicken joints, on the bone for preference (thighs are perfect for this, or you can buy a whole chicken and joint it yourself – there’ll be plenty of meat left over on the carcass to make stew or soup)
a few strands of saffron (optional)
half a litre of chicken stock
1 tin of chickpeas, drained
4 large preserved lemons or 8 really small ones, enough for about 60g of rinds
50g green olives, stoned and chopped
2 tablespoons creme fraiche
salt and black pepper
Peel and chop the onion into thin half-moon slices. Heat the oil in a large saute pan or casserole dish, and saute the onion in the oil over a medium heat until it is soft but not coloured. Add the garlic puree and the ras-el-hanout, stir it about and enjoy the lovely aromas of the spices as they heat up. Put in the chicken pieces – you should really take the skin off . Then add the chickpeas, the saffron and the stock and let it come to a simmer. Leave it simmering for about ten minutes.
Take the preserved lemons and cut them in half. Scoop out the flesh and pips and discard them, then slice up the rinds and add them to the pan along with the chopped olives. Keep the pan simmering for another ten minutes.
Finish off the dish by adding the creme fraiche. Stir it in and then turn up the heat a bit to reduce the liquid a little – this should take another ten to fifteen minutes.
Incidentally if you use big chicken breast fillets or larger joints, you will need to increase the cooking time to ensure the chicken is cooked through. Chicken should never be pink!
When you are ready to serve, season it with salt and pepper (it may not need salt because of the stock and the olives) and garnish with some chopped coriander leaves (cilantro to our friends across the Atlantic). This dish can be served with couscous or rice, and it goes well with dark green vegetables such as broccoli or wilted spinach. You could also try a mixture of traditional Moroccan braised vegetables such as carrots, courgettes, squash, aubergine and green cabbage.